Retrieved July 26, 2012. 21st century In 2005, following the death of John Paul II, Pope Benedict XVI, head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith under John Paul, was elected. "Catholic Law Schools and Ex Corde Ecclesiae", Theological Exploration, vol. In the 20th century, anti-clerical governments around the world, including Mexico and Spain, persecuted or executed thousands of clerics and laypersons. Retrieved June 27, 2008. Italy (1970 Portugal (1975 Brazil (1977 Spain (1981 Ireland (1996 Chile (2004) and Malta (2011 while the Philippines and the Vatican City have no procedure for divorce. 374 Several teachings of the Catholic Church came under increased scrutiny both concurrent with and following the council; among those teachings was the church's teaching regarding the immorality of contraception. 257 At the 2013 level of contributions for Wikimedia presently documented as 45 million dollars, the computed budget level recommended by Jaffe and Caballero for reinvestment into internal research and development is between.8 million and.3 million dollars annually. 79 Sometimes editors commit vandalism by removing content or entirely blanking a given page. 324 325 In Switzerland, Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers further criticised Catholic teachings. Has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.' 'The college or body of bishops has no authority unless united with the Roman Pontiff, Peter's successor, as its head.'. 1 of Duquesne University and in Law Review of University of Toledo, vol. Even these rules are stored in wiki form, and Wikipedia editors write and revise the website's policies and guidelines.
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of 4 to 25 annually was to be recommended, with high end technology requiring the higher. 65 Openness Number of English Wikipedia articles 66 English Wikipedia editors with 100 edits per month 66 Differences between versions of an article are highlighted as shown Unlike traditional encyclopedias, Wikipedia follows the procrastination principle notes 4 67 regarding the security of its content. 142 Articles available in more than one language may offer " interwiki links which link to the counterpart articles in other editions. 'universal was first used to describe the church in the early 2nd century. 337 In 1854, Pope Pius IX, with the support of the overwhelming majority of Catholic bishops, whom he had consulted from 1851 to 1853, proclaimed the Immaculate Conception as a Dogma in the Catholic Church. (The Philippines does, however, allow divorce for Muslims.) Contraception Main article: Christian views on contraception Catholic Church See also: Catholic Church and HIV/aids and Religious response to assisted reproductive technology Catholicism The church teaches that sexual intercourse should. Retrieved October 9, 2010. 34 The current pope, Francis, was elected on by papal conclave. See for example the Biographies of Living Persons Noticeboard or Neutral Point of View Noticeboard, created to address content falling under their respective areas. The Wikipedia's open structure makes it a target for trolls and vandals who malevolently add incorrect information to articles, get other people tied up in endless discussions, and generally do everything to draw attention to themselves. When this was denied, he had the Acts of Supremacy passed to make him head of the Church of England, spurring the English Reformation and the eventual development of Anglicanism.
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144 The Catechism of the Catholic Church categorises the sacraments into three groups, the "sacraments of Christian initiation "sacraments of healing" and "sacraments at the service of communion and the mission of the faithful". 50 Wales disputed these claims in 2009, denying the decline and questioning the methodology of the study. 391 In 2014, the Third Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops addressed the church's ministry towards families and marriages and to Catholics in "irregular" relationships, such as those who divorced and remarried outside of the church without a declaration of nullity. Finkelstein, Seth (September 25, 2008). 261 Certain dissenting Catholic groups oppose the position of the Catholic Church and seek to change. Cikm '13 Proceedings of the 22nd ACM international conference on Information Knowledge Management. 72 As of 2016, there are 221,700 parishes worldwide. Spouses marry so that their love may be fortified to fulfill duties of their state". Alexa rank as of April 2019. Rome and the Byzantine East would delve into further conflict during the Photian schism of the 860s, when Photius criticised the Latin west of adding of the filioque clause after being excommunicated by Nicholas. Retrieved January 29, 2007. 40 Following the death or resignation of a pope, note 5 members of the College of Cardinals who are under age 80 act as electoral college, meeting in a papal conclave to elect a successor. "Wikipedia cofounder Jimmy Wales on 60 Minutes". Retrieved December 31, 2010.